Unit 2 Handout
Unit 2 PPT
Hamilton Economic Video
Hamilton Economic Plan Video Guide
This Unit examines how United States struggled to adapt to its new constitution through the lenses of leadership, power, foreign policy, and nationalism. Federalist Era (1789-1801):
As the first president of the United States, everything Washington did set a precedent for those that followed. Seeing a political divide beginning between major political leaders, Washington warned against the development of political parties, as he feared they would divide the nation. Yet, he tended to favor the Federalist views of John Adams and Alexander Hamilton. Overall, he was successful in establishing the power of the national government and keeping the United States out of foreign conflicts, which could have easily destroyed the young nation. Washington’s successor, John Adams, continued his policies but found it difficult to remain out of foreign affairs.
The war between France and Britain affected American trade and placed Adams in a precarious situation. The two developing political parties were divided on whom to support. While the Federalists supported Britain, the Democratic-Republicans supported France. After learning of the U.S.’s treaty with Britain, a disgruntled France began seizing American merchant ships. Adams used diplomacy to avoid war with France, but his diplomatic measures resulted in a political scandal known as the XYZ Affair. The political scandal further divided the Federalists and Democratic-Republicans. As tension between France and the U.S. increased, Adams turned to the legislature to pass Alien and Sedition Acts, which were viewed by Democratic-Republicans as unconstitutional. Although Adams was able to negotiate a peaceful resolution with France and avoid war, his presidency was tainted and he failed to win reelection. His tenure as president set a precedent for how citizens in the United States would respond to abusive and/or unpopular presidential action.
1) Evaluate how Shays' Rebellion exposed the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
2) Analyze the major compromises of the Constitutional Convention by summarizing what each side gained from the compromises.
3) Examine the Federalist or Anti-Federalist arguments against the Constitution. Be sure to identify what each side wanted and why.
4) Understand and Explain why were social issues such as women's rights and slavery not dealt with a second time with the ratification of the Constitution
5) Explain how did the U.S. government emerge out of competing processes of conflict and compromise?
6) Describe how did the events of the Revolutionary time period lead to the formation of a national identity?